Day: January 4, 2020

Sudan’s women pursue soccer dream, challenging conservatives

OMDURMAN, Sudan — All her life, Elham Balatone wanted to play soccer — like her brothers, like the boys on her street. But in the Sudan where she grew up, women could be flogged for wearing pants, let alone soccer shorts. She heard all the reasons why she had to give up her dream. It’s a Muslim country; the uniform is inappropriate; the sport was meant for men.

She played anyway, wearing pants or putting on leggings underneath shorts.

“There’s nothing in this world that I love more than soccer. Please let me play,” she says she told her family. For years, she and other women played largely in the shadows, sometimes on dirt pitches they cleaned themselves, often bouncing from one spot to another.

The women finally took centre stage when the world watched them play at a Khartoum stadium as the youth and sports minister and others celebrated Sudan’s new, officially recognized women’s soccer league. Balatone even had her family’s blessings.

But it’s more than just a game. The women’s league became a field of contention as Sudan grapples with the transition from three decades of authoritarian rule that espoused a strict interpretation of Islamic Shariah law and, activists say, disenfranchised women in particular.

Transitional authorities have taken some steps to roll back the legacy of ousted President Omar al-Bashir. In November, they overturned a notorious “public order” law that the prime minister said had been used as a “tool of exploitation, humiliation,” resulting in “atrocities” against women and youth. Rights defenders call it a step in the right direction, but say the fight is far from over.

Some ultraconservatives, however, have been pushing back. Preacher AbdulHay Yousif and others have painted soccer as part of a battle for Sudan’s identity.

“What religion, what Shariah, what manhood would allow a Muslim woman to appear before men … with her arms, legs and some of her thighs exposed and then run before them,” Yousif told worshippers in October, shortly after the league, made up of 20 teams, started.

“By God, these people have not come … for economic development or social prosperity or scientific elevation. They have come to destroy religion and morals.”

He also denounced the youth and sports minister, a woman, saying she “doesn’t believe in what we believe in” and is a follower of “an apostate” — comments that sparked a legal battle between him and the minister.

A pro-Shariah group that backs Yousif urged preachers “to use their pulpits to make the truth victorious and to defend the constants of Shariah … and expose the government’s secularization plots.”

Critics argue some conservatives are using an old playbook in Sudan: weaponizing stringent religious views to target political opponents, control women and thwart change.

“Clearly this is part of an effort by Yousif to undermine the new government by stimulating a ‘moral panic’ regarding the subversion of gender roles. Partly it’s about his religious views, but it is predominantly a patriarchal form of gender politics,” said Willow Berridge, a lecturer in history at Newcastle University who has written about Sudanese Islamists.

Yousif and his supporters “tend to occupy the most uncompromising end of the religious spectrum in Sudan.”

The preacher’s diatribe has had little direct impact on the league. But Taghreed Awoda, an administrator with one of the teams, al-Difaa, and a feminist, said the showdown was part of a larger fight for change.

“To have a women’s soccer league play in Sudan, this dismantles many of the main pillars underpinning the last regime,” she said.

Under al-Bashir, laws like those restricting attire were inconsistently applied and disproportionately targeted the poor and less educated, as well as anti-regime activists, Awoda said. Women players were generally left alone if they kept a low profile, although one group was once briefly arrested, she said.

Preparations for the league began more than a year ago in line with the objectives of the international soccer federation FIFA, said Mervat Hussein, head of the women’s soccer committee at the Sudan Football Association. The efforts accelerated after al-Bashir’s removal, she said. FIFA, which sets criteria for developing women’s soccer, says member associations have objectives to meet to obtain funding.

Women were at the forefront of the protests that eventually pushed the military to overthrow al-Bashir in April.

Hala Al Karib, regional director of the Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa, said this should have translated into more rights, but many laws discriminating against women remain in place even after the public order law was reversed.

She said some hardline Islamists are fighting for their interests after losing clout in al-Bashir’s fall, arguing their rhetoric finds little resonance. Women’s issues usually “get turned into bargaining chips” and risk being sacrificed to appease hardline groups, she said.

In the midst of all the wrangling is the story of women who say they just want to play soccer.

“These are people who have struggled, toiled and have pressed ahead in the face of so many attempts to destroy their talents,” said Amany Anas, a player for al-Tahadi team. “Now the moment has come when they can show people that women could play just like men.”

Al-Difaa player Fatima Gadal said in the past players sometimes used their own money to buy balls and gear. At times, she skipped buying food to afford bus fare to go play. “We were very much so on the margins.”

Some things are still austere. After a recent game in Omdurman, Khartoum’s twin city, the al-Difaa team squeezed into a minibus with cracked windows, rusty interiors and not enough seats. The engine soon quit and team members pushed the bus, cheering when the engine restarted.

The players hope official recognition will now result in more opportunities. Some families asked to enrol their daughters after they saw the league, said Anas.

At the Omdurman game, the players picked up fans — men and women.

One spectator, Akram Abdel-Aziz, said he didn’t expect to see women play soccer in Sudan.

“It’s a lovely thing that I hope will continue. I love the courage of the women on the field,” he said. “I pray and I am a believer … and I can see that women are covered up and dressed modestly.”

On the field, most players wear leggings under their shorts, but otherwise are in regular soccer kit, and many don’t cover their hair.

Some are not convinced. After praying at the mosque where Yousif preaches, a woman who gave her name only as Balqis said she wouldn’t allow her daughters to follow in the players’ footsteps, stressing the need for modest attire.

“We’re Muslim people and we love our Islam and how religious we are,” she said. “Women sports were fine in closed areas,” she said.

The players say there’s no conflict between their faith and their sport.

Gadal said she once heard men at the stadium saying women playing the game was “haram,” or religiously forbidden, and the players belonged at home. She ignored them.

“I fast, I pray and I perform my Islamic duties. I see no problem,” she said, pointing out that numerous Muslim countries field women’s soccer teams.

Balatone, who was raised in a conservative household that is “religious but not extremist,” said she once explained to her brother why she was so determined to play.

She had already given up a lot. She had three passions: singing, soccer and English. She couldn’t afford college, she dropped singing because she was told it’s haram.

“When it came to soccer, I said ‘Excuse me, I cannot let soccer go,’” she said. “We live and breathe soccer.”

___

Associated Press writer Samy Magdy in Cairo contributed.

__

Associated Press religion coverage receives support from the Lilly Endowment through the Religion News Foundation. The AP is solely responsible for this content.

Mariam Fam, The Associated Press







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source https://toronto.citynews.ca/2020/01/04/sudans-women-pursue-soccer-dream-challenging-conservatives/

By The Wall of Law January 4, 2020 Off

Trump lawyers want columnist’s defamation suit to be tossed

NEW YORK — President Donald Trump’s lawyers asked a judge Friday to throw out an advice columnist’s defamation lawsuit over his response to her allegation that he raped her in the 1990s.

Trump’s lawyers argue E. Jean Carroll’s suit can’t go forward in a New York state court because his statements were made in Washington.

New York law doesn’t allow for defamation suits over statements made elsewhere, except in circumstances Carroll’s case doesn’t meet, Trump lawyer Lawrence S. Rosen wrote. He didn’t address the substance of Carroll’s claims.

Carroll’s lawyer, Roberta Kaplan, said it was “obviously ridiculous” to argue that Trump can’t be sued in New York, his longtime hometown, though he said in October he plans to change his residency to Florida after leaving the White House.

Kaplan called Friday’s filing “a transparent effort to avoid discovery at all costs in a case involving a sexual assault,” referring to the pretrial evidence-gathering process called discovery. A judge has already set time frames for various steps.

In a New York magazine piece last June and a subsequent book, Carroll accused Trump of having raped her in a Manhattan luxury department store dressing room in the mid-’90s, after a chance meeting morphed into shopping for lingerie for the real estate mogul to give to an unidentified woman. She said that she was joking with Trump when he steered her into a fitting room and that he then assaulted her.

Trump said in June that Carroll was “totally lying,” and the accusation was “fake news.” He called her “not my type.”

He also said he had never met her, though a 1987 photo shows the two and their then-spouses at a social event. He dismissed it, saying he was just “standing with my coat on in a line.”

The Associated Press typically does not name people who say they have been sexually assaulted, unless they come forward publicly, as Carroll has done.

Carroll sued in November, saying Trump’s remarks were falsehoods and smears that turned some readers off her longtime Elle magazine advice column, harming her career.

The suit seeks unspecified damages and a retraction of Trump’s statements.

Jennifer Peltz, The Associated Press

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source https://toronto.citynews.ca/2020/01/03/trump-lawyers-want-columnists-defamation-suit-to-be-tossed/

By The Wall of Law January 4, 2020 Off

Texas ‘affluenza teen’ to be released; drug test questioned

FORT WORTH, Texas — A Texas man who used “affluenza” as a defence at his trial for killing four people while driving drunk is set to be released from jail after prosecutors expressed uncertainty about a drug test result that led to his arrest for an alleged probation violation.

Ethan Couch was arrested Thursday, and court records indicated he had he tested positive for THC, the psychoactive compound in marijuana. But the 22-year-old is scheduled to be be released from a Forth Worth jail either Friday or Monday ahead of further investigation and testing, his lawyers said. A spokeswoman for the Tarrant County District Attorney’s Office confirmed he is to be released.

Couch was arrested after probation officers reported that a drug monitoring patch he wears returned a “weak positive” result for THC, District Attorney Sharen Wilson said in a statement. But it is possible the patch was set off by by legal CBD oil and it will take further testing to be sure, she said.

Couch’s lawyers said they are optimistic the tests will verify he did not use a prohibited substance.

“Ethan is committed to his sobriety and to remaining compliant with all of the terms and conditions imposed by the court,” attorneys Scott Brown and Reagan Wynn said in a statement.

A court officer declined to comment. The Tarrant County probation office did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Couch became known as the “affluenza teen” during his manslaughter trial for the 2013 crash. Couch, 16 at the time of the crash, was found to have a blood-alcohol level three times the legal limit for adult drivers after the crash. But a psychologist told a juvenile court that he was affected by “affluenza,” or irresponsibility caused by family wealth.

A judge originally sentenced Couch to 10 years of probation. But he was later jailed after attending a party where alcohol was served and then fleeing to Mexico with his mother to avoid punishment. He was released in 2018 after serving a nearly two-year sentence.

The Associated Press

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source https://toronto.citynews.ca/2020/01/03/texas-affluenza-teen-to-be-released-drug-test-questioned/

By The Wall of Law January 4, 2020 Off

New taxes, bans and climate rules: 46 new laws across Canada in 2020

Most federal, provincial and territorial laws come into force immediately after their passage and assent, however, legislation requiring greater planning or notice is typically delayed to allow affected parties time to prepare. Here are 46 new laws that come into effect across Canada in 2020, which will change the county the in ways both big and small. They include multiple provincial efforts to address youth vaping, regulations requiring Alberta schools  to have EpiPens, an end to banning dogs from restaurant patios in Ontario, and a building code change allowing 12 story wood buildings.

Jan. 1, 2020

Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act (Canada)
After repealing its provincial carbon tax on June, Alberta will fall under federal laws for jurisdictions that either did not adopt Prime Minister Trudeau’s carbon pricing system or failed to develop their own pricing plan. The legislation institutes a fee on carbon pollution and offers tax rebates to individuals and families to offset extra costs.

The People’s Health Care Act, 2019 (Ontario)
Scraps out-of-country health care coverage for emergencies—up to $400 per day for inpatient services and up to $50 per day for outpatient and doctor services. The Canadian Snowbird Association is challenging the decision in the courts.

Better for People, Smarter for Business Act, 2019 (Ontario)
Ontario bars and restaurants will have the option of allowing dogs on patios where “low-risk foods” are served. “Cutting red tape … is also about giving Ontarians the freedom to pursue the things that matter to them—like enjoying Sunday brunch with a four-legged member of the family,” said Prabmeet Sarkaria, Associate Minister for Small Business and Red Tape Reduction.

Budget Implementation Act, 2019 (Canada)
Removes current preferential treatment allowing stock options received at fair-market value to be taxed at half the benefit. Now, employees receiving options for Canadian-controlled private corporations (CCPCs) as well as start-ups and emerging firms, enjoy the same treatment, but those with options from non-CPCCs can only claim the first $200,000.

READ MORE: 20 people to watch in 2020

Budget Implementation Act, 2019 (Canada)
Registered journalism organizations allowed to receive donations and issue tax receipts. Qualifying organizations must operate for purposes exclusive to journalism and cannot distribute profits, among other conditions.

Act to amend the Canada Business Corporations Act (Canada)
Public corporations incorporated under the CBCA are required to report diversity of directors and senior management. Designated groups are women, Indigenous persons, members of visible minorities and persons with disabilities.

Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families (Canada)
Provides Indigenous governments jurisdiction over child and family services with an overall goal of reducing the number of children in care. Establishes practices, including best interests of the child and cultural continuity, to guide provision of services.

Act to amend the Divorce Act (Canada)
An intended modernization of the Act encourages out-of-court settlements, provides greater enforcement of support obligations and allows perpetrators of family violence to see their parenting time limited.

National Building Code of Canada 2020 (Canada)
Changes to the Building Code allow developers to construct wood buildings up to 12 stories in height. New rules double the height for buildings where the primary load-bearing structure is composed of solid or engineered wood.

Act to implement a multilateral convention to implement tax treaty related measures to prevent base erosion and profit shifting (Canada)
Part of a global effect to avoid companies ‘shopping’ for lower tax jurisdiction; changes enacted to ensure corporations are taxed where their “substantive economic activities” take place.

Measurement Requirements for Oil and Gas Operations (Alberta)
To meet federal requirements under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, Alberta’s energy regulator now requires companies to measure, monitor and report methane releases. In 2018, the province committed to reduce methane emissions from upstream oil and gas sites by 45 per cent from 2014 levels by 2025.

Family Statutes Amendment Act (Alberta)
Provides common law couples with the same property rights as married spouses. Under the new law, ‘adult interdependent partners’—those who live together for three years or meet other requirements—will also get expanded child support rights.

Technology Innovation and Emissions Reduction (TIER) regulation (Alberta)
The new rule set a $30-per-tonne price on carbon for industrial emitters, such as oil sands facilities, to meet federal requirements for levies on carbon pollution. The price will rise to $40 per tonne in 2021 and $50 per tonne by 2022.

Protection of Students with Life-threatening Allergies Act (Alberta)
School boards must establish anaphylaxis policies that reduce risk of exposure, communicate information to students and parents, train employees and maintain files for anaphylactic students, among other tasks. Schools must have EpiPens on site.

Tobacco and Vapour Products Control Act (British Columbia)
Sales tax on vaping products increased from 7 to 20 per cent. In the Spring, regulations on vaping products require vaping packaging to carry a health warning, be of a plain nature and limit advertising in places youth spend time. Pods and liquids are only allowed to contain 20 milligrams of nicotine per millilitre.

Budget Measures Implementation Act, 2018 (British Columbia)
Ends monthly payment of provincial health care bills for B.C. residents. Part of comprehensive changes that saw an employer health tax added in 2019.

Business Corporation Amendment Act (British Columbia)
Changes require transparency records to include legal names, citizenships and addresses of direct and indirect owners of businesses, rather naming just a numbered company. A Land Owner Transparency Act make all records public.

Amendment to Employment Standards Act (Northwest Territories)
Changes include extending leave for unpaid parental and compassionate care as well as providing five days of paid leave to those experiencing domestic violence.

Act to Amend the Automobile Insurance Act (Newfoundland and Labrador)
Discounts for winter tires, ability of insurance firms to offer technology that can track driver habits and deductible for pain and suffering doubling to $5,000 from $2,500.

Amendment to Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 2012 (Newfoundland and Labrador)
Requires employers to develop written harassment prevention plans, conduct risk assessments, protect workers from potential family violence in the workplace and provide harassment prevention training, among other requirements.

Provincial Animal Welfare Services (PAWS) Act (Ontario)
Creates new powers and offences to combat activities such as neglect and dog fighting, increases penalties and expands the list of those who can enforce laws as well as establishes a provincial advisory board to improve animal care.

Amendment to the Smoke-Free Ontario Act, 2017 (Ontario)
Bans promotion of vape products in convenience stores and gas stations; promotion now only permitted in specialty vape stores and cannabis retail stores, open to people aged 19 plus.

An Act to tighten the regulation of cannabis (Quebec)
Raises the legal age for purchasing and consuming recreational cannabis products from 18 to 21 years and prohibits the consumption of recreational cannabis products in public, except for areas designated by municipalities.

Amendment to the Immigration Act (Quebec)
Immigrants required to pass a provincial test to prove they know “democratic values and Quebec values” to obtain a selection certificate, the first step toward permanent residency in the province.

Labour Standards Act (Quebec)
Placement and recruitment agencies for temporary foreign workers now need a permit to operate and must guarantee workers have required documentation. Among other demands, agencies required to pay workers not less than staff earn at the client company.

Sustainable Development Goals Act (Nova Scotia)
Commits the province to at least 10 per cent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions below 1990 levels, by 2020.

Jan. 15, 2020

Amendments to The Safe Food for Canadians Regulations (Canada)
Growers and harvesters of fresh fruit and vegetables must meet safety requirements to prevent food safety hazards and add labels allowing produce to be quickly traced for investigation and potential recall.

Jan. 31, 2020

 The Internet Code (Canada)
A CRTC code of conduct for Internet service providers, such as Bell and Rogers, requires easier-to-understand contracts and policies, clearer information about prices,  ‘bill shock protection’ through notifications and more consumer-friendly rules for cancelling contracts.

Farm Freedom and Safety Act (Alberta)
Farms and ranches with fewer than five employees no longer required to have workplace insurance. Those requiring insurance can now choose between the province’s Workers’ Compensation Board or a private insurer.

Act to Amend the Adoption Act (Prince Edward Island)
Unseals adoption records by default, but allows both parents and children the option of filing a veto on disclosure of their identity.

Feb. 1, 2020

Amendment to Traffic Safety Act (Saskatchewan)
Distracted driving fines raised from $280 to $580 plus four demerit points for a first-time offence. Penalties rise incremental for second and third offences.

Feb. 20, 2020

Amendment to the Health of Animals Regulations (Part XII) (Canada)
Changes require animals being transported between farms, auction markets, slaughterhouses and elsewhere be suitably fed, hydrated and rested and arrive at their destination safely. Rules now include period from when an animal is prepped for transit to installation at their new location.

Feb. 29, 2020

Act to amend mainly the Education Act with regard to school organization and governance (Quebec)
Replaces elected French-language school boards with service centres governed by boards of directors. English service centre boards will be elected, creating a two-tiered governance structure.

April 1, 2020

Regulatory changes by Ministry of Health (Nova Scotia)
In response to concerns about the growth of youth vaping, the province bans flavoured e-cigarettes and juices.

Amendment to Gasoline and Motive Fuel Tax Act (New Brunswick)
Environment Minister Jeff Carr reached a deal with the federal government to remove carbon backstop levies and replace with the province’s own fees.

May 1, 2020

Accessibility for Manitobans Act (Manitoba)
Manitoba employers with one or more employees required to provide individualized emergency response information to keep those with disabilities safe.

May 8, 2020

Yukon University Act (Yukon)
Yukon University in Whitehorse, formerly Yukon College, officially established.

June 1, 2020

Amendments to the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act, 2019 (Canada)
Virtual currency dealers must register with the federal government and meet the same client identification, record keeping and reporting requirements as financial institutions, credit unions, casinos and other organizations.

 June 9, 2020

Act to amend the Assisted Human Reproduction Act (Canada)
Sets out clear rules for compensation for surrogates and those donating ova and sperm, including, travel, accommodation, care of dependents or pets and more.  The previous law, enacted in 2004, didn’t define legitimate vs. illegal expenditures.

June 25, 2020

Accessible transportation for persons with disabilities regulations (Canada)
Airlines transporting at least one million passengers annually required to communicate and train personnel and provide accommodations, such as guidance through security, for persons with disabilities. Measures phased in over three years.

July 1, 2020

Amendment to Patented Medicines Regulations (Canada)
Changes countries Canada uses as a reference point to determine drug prices by including more nations with similar populations, economies and approaches to health care. The U.S. and Switzerland are dropped and Spain and Australia, among others, added.

Eric Donovan Act (Prince Edward Island)
New occupational health and safety regulations define unacceptable behaviour in the workplace and require employers to develop a policy to prevent workplace harassment.

Sept. 1, 2020

The Education Amendment Act (Alberta)
Standardizes the age of entry for kindergarten students across the province: children must be 5 years old by Dec. 31.  The Act also allows allow school jurisdictions to provide alternative programs outside of their geographic boundary.

Oct. 1, 2020

Making Ontario Open for Business Act (Ontario)
Adjusts Ontario’s $14 an hour minimum wage to the rate of inflation. In 2019, the Act canceled the legislated hike of the minimum wage from $14 to $15.

Oct. 26, 2020

The Legislative Assembly (Election Dates) Amendment Act, 2018 (Saskatchewan)
Prescribes the next provincial election will take place on Oct. 26, 2020, followed by fixed-date elections held on the last Monday of October in the fourth calendar year after the last general election.

 Oct. 30, 2020

Plastic Bags Reduction Act (Nova Scotia)
Bans the use of single-use plastic bags at provincial retailers. Exemptions include bags used by dry cleaners, those used by garages to wrap tires and bags used for items such as bulk foods.

MORE ABOUT YEAR AHEAD 2020:

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Via What Are My Legal Rights in a Separation

source https://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/new-taxes-bans-and-climate-rules-46-laws-being-passed-across-canada-in-2020/

By The Wall of Law January 4, 2020 Off

New taxes, bans and climate rules: 46 new laws across Canada in 2020

Most federal, provincial and territorial laws come into force immediately after their passage and assent, however, legislation requiring greater planning or notice is typically delayed to allow affected parties time to prepare. Here are 46 new laws that come into effect across Canada in 2020, which will change the county the in ways both big and small. They include multiple provincial efforts to address youth vaping, regulations requiring Alberta schools  to have EpiPens, an end to banning dogs from restaurant patios in Ontario, and a building code change allowing 12 story wood buildings.

Jan. 1, 2020

Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act (Canada)
After repealing its provincial carbon tax on June, Alberta will fall under federal laws for jurisdictions that either did not adopt Prime Minister Trudeau’s carbon pricing system or failed to develop their own pricing plan. The legislation institutes a fee on carbon pollution and offers tax rebates to individuals and families to offset extra costs.

The People’s Health Care Act, 2019 (Ontario)
Scraps out-of-country health care coverage for emergencies—up to $400 per day for inpatient services and up to $50 per day for outpatient and doctor services. The Canadian Snowbird Association is challenging the decision in the courts.

Better for People, Smarter for Business Act, 2019 (Ontario)
Ontario bars and restaurants will have the option of allowing dogs on patios where “low-risk foods” are served. “Cutting red tape … is also about giving Ontarians the freedom to pursue the things that matter to them—like enjoying Sunday brunch with a four-legged member of the family,” said Prabmeet Sarkaria, Associate Minister for Small Business and Red Tape Reduction.

Budget Implementation Act, 2019 (Canada)
Removes current preferential treatment allowing stock options received at fair-market value to be taxed at half the benefit. Now, employees receiving options for Canadian-controlled private corporations (CCPCs) as well as start-ups and emerging firms, enjoy the same treatment, but those with options from non-CPCCs can only claim the first $200,000.

READ MORE: 20 people to watch in 2020

Budget Implementation Act, 2019 (Canada)
Registered journalism organizations allowed to receive donations and issue tax receipts. Qualifying organizations must operate for purposes exclusive to journalism and cannot distribute profits, among other conditions.

Act to amend the Canada Business Corporations Act (Canada)
Public corporations incorporated under the CBCA are required to report diversity of directors and senior management. Designated groups are women, Indigenous persons, members of visible minorities and persons with disabilities.

Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families (Canada)
Provides Indigenous governments jurisdiction over child and family services with an overall goal of reducing the number of children in care. Establishes practices, including best interests of the child and cultural continuity, to guide provision of services.

Act to amend the Divorce Act (Canada)
An intended modernization of the Act encourages out-of-court settlements, provides greater enforcement of support obligations and allows perpetrators of family violence to see their parenting time limited.

National Building Code of Canada 2020 (Canada)
Changes to the Building Code allow developers to construct wood buildings up to 12 stories in height. New rules double the height for buildings where the primary load-bearing structure is composed of solid or engineered wood.

Act to implement a multilateral convention to implement tax treaty related measures to prevent base erosion and profit shifting (Canada)
Part of a global effect to avoid companies ‘shopping’ for lower tax jurisdiction; changes enacted to ensure corporations are taxed where their “substantive economic activities” take place.

Measurement Requirements for Oil and Gas Operations (Alberta)
To meet federal requirements under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, Alberta’s energy regulator now requires companies to measure, monitor and report methane releases. In 2018, the province committed to reduce methane emissions from upstream oil and gas sites by 45 per cent from 2014 levels by 2025.

Family Statutes Amendment Act (Alberta)
Provides common law couples with the same property rights as married spouses. Under the new law, ‘adult interdependent partners’—those who live together for three years or meet other requirements—will also get expanded child support rights.

Technology Innovation and Emissions Reduction (TIER) regulation (Alberta)
The new rule set a $30-per-tonne price on carbon for industrial emitters, such as oil sands facilities, to meet federal requirements for levies on carbon pollution. The price will rise to $40 per tonne in 2021 and $50 per tonne by 2022.

Protection of Students with Life-threatening Allergies Act (Alberta)
School boards must establish anaphylaxis policies that reduce risk of exposure, communicate information to students and parents, train employees and maintain files for anaphylactic students, among other tasks. Schools must have EpiPens on site.

Tobacco and Vapour Products Control Act (British Columbia)
Sales tax on vaping products increased from 7 to 20 per cent. In the Spring, regulations on vaping products require vaping packaging to carry a health warning, be of a plain nature and limit advertising in places youth spend time. Pods and liquids are only allowed to contain 20 milligrams of nicotine per millilitre.

Budget Measures Implementation Act, 2018 (British Columbia)
Ends monthly payment of provincial health care bills for B.C. residents. Part of comprehensive changes that saw an employer health tax added in 2019.

Business Corporation Amendment Act (British Columbia)
Changes require transparency records to include legal names, citizenships and addresses of direct and indirect owners of businesses, rather naming just a numbered company. A Land Owner Transparency Act make all records public.

Amendment to Employment Standards Act (Northwest Territories)
Changes include extending leave for unpaid parental and compassionate care as well as providing five days of paid leave to those experiencing domestic violence.

Act to Amend the Automobile Insurance Act (Newfoundland and Labrador)
Discounts for winter tires, ability of insurance firms to offer technology that can track driver habits and deductible for pain and suffering doubling to $5,000 from $2,500.

Amendment to Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 2012 (Newfoundland and Labrador)
Requires employers to develop written harassment prevention plans, conduct risk assessments, protect workers from potential family violence in the workplace and provide harassment prevention training, among other requirements.

Provincial Animal Welfare Services (PAWS) Act (Ontario)
Creates new powers and offences to combat activities such as neglect and dog fighting, increases penalties and expands the list of those who can enforce laws as well as establishes a provincial advisory board to improve animal care.

Amendment to the Smoke-Free Ontario Act, 2017 (Ontario)
Bans promotion of vape products in convenience stores and gas stations; promotion now only permitted in specialty vape stores and cannabis retail stores, open to people aged 19 plus.

An Act to tighten the regulation of cannabis (Quebec)
Raises the legal age for purchasing and consuming recreational cannabis products from 18 to 21 years and prohibits the consumption of recreational cannabis products in public, except for areas designated by municipalities.

Amendment to the Immigration Act (Quebec)
Immigrants required to pass a provincial test to prove they know “democratic values and Quebec values” to obtain a selection certificate, the first step toward permanent residency in the province.

Labour Standards Act (Quebec)
Placement and recruitment agencies for temporary foreign workers now need a permit to operate and must guarantee workers have required documentation. Among other demands, agencies required to pay workers not less than staff earn at the client company.

Sustainable Development Goals Act (Nova Scotia)
Commits the province to at least 10 per cent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions below 1990 levels, by 2020.

Jan. 15, 2020

Amendments to The Safe Food for Canadians Regulations (Canada)
Growers and harvesters of fresh fruit and vegetables must meet safety requirements to prevent food safety hazards and add labels allowing produce to be quickly traced for investigation and potential recall.

Jan. 31, 2020

 The Internet Code (Canada)
A CRTC code of conduct for Internet service providers, such as Bell and Rogers, requires easier-to-understand contracts and policies, clearer information about prices,  ‘bill shock protection’ through notifications and more consumer-friendly rules for cancelling contracts.

Farm Freedom and Safety Act (Alberta)
Farms and ranches with fewer than five employees no longer required to have workplace insurance. Those requiring insurance can now choose between the province’s Workers’ Compensation Board or a private insurer.

Act to Amend the Adoption Act (Prince Edward Island)
Unseals adoption records by default, but allows both parents and children the option of filing a veto on disclosure of their identity.

Feb. 1, 2020

Amendment to Traffic Safety Act (Saskatchewan)
Distracted driving fines raised from $280 to $580 plus four demerit points for a first-time offence. Penalties rise incremental for second and third offences.

Feb. 20, 2020

Amendment to the Health of Animals Regulations (Part XII) (Canada)
Changes require animals being transported between farms, auction markets, slaughterhouses and elsewhere be suitably fed, hydrated and rested and arrive at their destination safely. Rules now include period from when an animal is prepped for transit to installation at their new location.

Feb. 29, 2020

Act to amend mainly the Education Act with regard to school organization and governance (Quebec)
Replaces elected French-language school boards with service centres governed by boards of directors. English service centre boards will be elected, creating a two-tiered governance structure.

April 1, 2020

Regulatory changes by Ministry of Health (Nova Scotia)
In response to concerns about the growth of youth vaping, the province bans flavoured e-cigarettes and juices.

Amendment to Gasoline and Motive Fuel Tax Act (New Brunswick)
Environment Minister Jeff Carr reached a deal with the federal government to remove carbon backstop levies and replace with the province’s own fees.

May 1, 2020

Accessibility for Manitobans Act (Manitoba)
Manitoba employers with one or more employees required to provide individualized emergency response information to keep those with disabilities safe.

May 8, 2020

Yukon University Act (Yukon)
Yukon University in Whitehorse, formerly Yukon College, officially established.

June 1, 2020

Amendments to the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act, 2019 (Canada)
Virtual currency dealers must register with the federal government and meet the same client identification, record keeping and reporting requirements as financial institutions, credit unions, casinos and other organizations.

 June 9, 2020

Act to amend the Assisted Human Reproduction Act (Canada)
Sets out clear rules for compensation for surrogates and those donating ova and sperm, including, travel, accommodation, care of dependents or pets and more.  The previous law, enacted in 2004, didn’t define legitimate vs. illegal expenditures.

June 25, 2020

Accessible transportation for persons with disabilities regulations (Canada)
Airlines transporting at least one million passengers annually required to communicate and train personnel and provide accommodations, such as guidance through security, for persons with disabilities. Measures phased in over three years.

July 1, 2020

Amendment to Patented Medicines Regulations (Canada)
Changes countries Canada uses as a reference point to determine drug prices by including more nations with similar populations, economies and approaches to health care. The U.S. and Switzerland are dropped and Spain and Australia, among others, added.

Eric Donovan Act (Prince Edward Island)
New occupational health and safety regulations define unacceptable behaviour in the workplace and require employers to develop a policy to prevent workplace harassment.

Sept. 1, 2020

The Education Amendment Act (Alberta)
Standardizes the age of entry for kindergarten students across the province: children must be 5 years old by Dec. 31.  The Act also allows allow school jurisdictions to provide alternative programs outside of their geographic boundary.

Oct. 1, 2020

Making Ontario Open for Business Act (Ontario)
Adjusts Ontario’s $14 an hour minimum wage to the rate of inflation. In 2019, the Act canceled the legislated hike of the minimum wage from $14 to $15.

Oct. 26, 2020

The Legislative Assembly (Election Dates) Amendment Act, 2018 (Saskatchewan)
Prescribes the next provincial election will take place on Oct. 26, 2020, followed by fixed-date elections held on the last Monday of October in the fourth calendar year after the last general election.

 Oct. 30, 2020

Plastic Bags Reduction Act (Nova Scotia)
Bans the use of single-use plastic bags at provincial retailers. Exemptions include bags used by dry cleaners, those used by garages to wrap tires and bags used for items such as bulk foods.

MORE ABOUT YEAR AHEAD 2020:

@repost What Are My Legal Rights in a Separation

Via Custody Battle

source https://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/new-taxes-bans-and-climate-rules-46-laws-being-passed-across-canada-in-2020/

By The Wall of Law January 4, 2020 Off